Ub40

UB40 are a British reggae fusion (reggae/pop) band formed in 1978 in Birmingham, UK. The band has placed more than 50 singles on the UK charts, and has also achieved considerable international success. The band have sold over 70 million records.


Their #1 hits (all covers) include "Red Red Wine" (#1 US/UK/Canada/NZ/Netherlands), "Can't Help Falling in Love" (#1 US/UK/Australia/Sweden/Netherlands), and "I Got You Babe" (#1 UK/Netherlands).


History


The band members began as friends who knew each other from various colleges and schools across Birmingham. The name "UB40" was selected in reference to the document issued to people claiming unemployment benefit from the UK government's Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS) at the time of the band's formation. The designation UB40 stood for Unemployment Benefit, Form 40.


Before any of them could play their instruments, Ali Campbell and Brian Travers travelled around Birmingham promoting the band, putting up UB40 posters. The band purchased its first instruments from Woodroffe's Musical Instruments with ??4,000 in compensation money that Campbell, who would become the lead singer, received after a bar fight during his 17th birthday celebration.


Their first gig took place on at The Hare & Hounds Pub in Kings Heath, Birmingham for a friend's birthday party.


UB40 caught their first break when Chrissie Hynde noticed them at a pub and gave them an opportunity as a support act to her band, The Pretenders. UB40's first single, "King"/"Food for Thought" was released on Graduate Records, a local independent label run by David Virr. It reached No. 4 on the UK Singles Chart.


Their first album was titled Signing Off, as the band were signing off from or closing their claim on the unemployment benefit. It was recorded in a bedsit in Birmingham and was produced by Bob Lamb. Norman Hassan said of the recording: "if you stripped my track down, you could hear the birds in the background." This is because his tracks were recorded outside in the garden. Signing Off was released on , and entered the UK Albums Chart on 1980. It reached as high as No. 2 in the UK and spent 72 weeks in total on the chart. Signing Off is now a Platinum album.


Despite great success in the UK, UB40's popularity in the United States was only established after they released Labour of Love, an album of cover songs, in 1983. The album reached No. 1 on the UK Albums Chart and No. 8 on the Billboard Top 200 in the US. The album featured the song, "Red Red Wine", a cover version of a Neil Diamond song (in an arrangement similar to that of Tony Tribe's version). Three years later UB40 performed at the Birmingham Heart Beat Charity Concert 1986.


Their most successful worldwide single release is the cover of the Elvis Presley ballad "(I Can't Help) Falling In Love With You" which was the main title to the 1993 Sharon Stone movie Sliver and was a number one hit across Europe and in the U.S..


UB40 live in Wellington, New Zealand in 2004

In June 2007, Sparta Florida Music Group started legal action against heiress Paris Hilton and Warner Chappell Music for plagiarism due to similarities between the song "Stars Are Blind" and the song "Kingston Town", originally by Lord Creator. It was frequently misreported that UB40 was the instigator of the action and that it centered on their 1990 cover of the song. However, according to a statement UB40's site, they are not involved, and "Any speculated legal action taking place against Ms. Hilton would be entirely at the instigation of the original songwriter???s music publisher...who ultimately own the copyright to the song."


UB40 toured South Africa in July 2007 and headlined the Live Earth concert at the Cradle of Humankind, near Johannesburg. They performed one of the longest sets for the event at approximately 54 minutes.


On , they performed with Cas Haley on the America's Got Talent Season Finale. In 2007 UB40 were signed by Ingenious Media PLC, a London investment bank that finances albums.


On it was announced that Ali Campbell would be leaving the group after 30 years. It was originally stated that this was in order for Campbell to concentrate on solo projects, but Campbell later said he was leaving due to "management difficulties". The remaining seven members released a statement saying: ???Ali made a very simple decision, he chose to pursue and put his solo career over and above continuing to work with UB40 after February 2008, it???s as simple as that". The news that a second original member was leaving the band as a result of "management trouble" came on . Keyboard player Michael Virtue followed Campbell, and also launched an investigation into the group's financial dealings..


It was reported by some Birmingham newspapers on , that Maxi Priest would be the new lead singer of UB40 and had recorded a cover of Bob Marley???s "I Shot the Sheriff" with the band, based on information from an unnamed "source close to the band." Priest had joined UB40 on their arena tour in 2007, culminating in sell-out shows at the NEC Birmingham in December. Another local newspaper reporting that Maxi Priest would be the new UB40 frontman, also included a statement from band spokesman Gerard Franklyn which contradicted this claim: "Maxi is collaborating with the band to record material but there is no decision been made to replace Ali Campbell with one definitive singer. The reports are half correct he will be appearing with them for this new recording." In April 2008, the BBC reported that Campbell was to be replaced in the band by his brother Duncan, with reggae singer Maxi Priest also bolstering the line-up on tour.


Since Duncan Campbell joined UB40 as lead singer the band have carried on touring successfully through out the world in places such as Holland, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Spain, Portugal, France, and St Lucia to name a few.




The band released their next album, "Twentyfourseven", UB40's last with the original lineup, by way of a free insert in The Mail on Sunday's issue. which sold nearly three million copies. This led to a backlash when the full 17 track version was released , and most of the big retailers refused to stock it. It failed to go top 75 in the UK. This was a first for UB40, as all the official albums have previously gone Top 50 on the UK Albums Chart. Their next release was a collection called "Love Songs" on EMI. This reached number 3 in the UK Charts.UK Albums Chart. The band played numerous outdoor shows in the UK in June/July 2008. They also toured the US in August 2008 which included their first ever show at the prestigious Hollywood bowl.


The band plan to release Labour of Love IV in 2009 with a tour of the UK and Ireland (with extra dates in Holland and Germany) scheduled for late 2009. ]


Influences


UB40 were influenced by the many Blues Parties they attended as teenagers in the multiracial Balsall Heath area of Birmingham. Their love of ska, reggae and early lovers rock inspired such original tracks as "King", "Madam Medusa", "Food for Thought", "Signing Off" and "One in Ten".


Their early musical style was unique, with a heavy influence of analogue synthesisers, psychedelic rock guitar, saxophone and dub producer techniques which were later perfected by the late Pablo Falconer.


Ali and Robin Campbell are the sons of folk musician Ian Campbell.


Achievements


UB40 is one of the most successful reggae acts of all time in terms of record sales (over 70 million), chart positions and touring schedule. During their three-decade long career, they have been performing sell-out shows worldwide and headlining the Reggae Sunsplash music festival in Jamaica, as well as spreading reggae to Russia, South America, etc. They have performed twice at the Night of the Proms, in 2000 and in 2006. In 2006 UB40 was nominated for a Grammy Award (Reggae category) for their album Who You Fighting For.


Much of UB40's commercial appeal came from their releases of classic cover songs. In fact, all three of their UK number one hits and four of their five U.S. top ten hits were cover versions.


UB40's early music often tackled social issues such as racism and unemployment.


UB40 collaborators include: Pato Banton, Madness, Bitty McLean, Chrissie Hynde, Maxi Priest, Robert Palmer, Hunterz, Japanese artist Mikidozan, French artist Nuttea, Lady Saw, Afrika Bambaataa, 808 State.


Band Members


The ethnic makeup of the band is diverse, with musicians of English, Scottish, Irish, Yemeni and Jamaican parentage. From the band's 1978 inception through early 2008, UB40's line-up was constant:


Astro live in Wellington, New Zealand in 2004
James (Jimmy) Brown - born , Birmingham - drums
Ali Campbell - born Alistair Campbell, , Birmingham - guitar, lead vocals (left 2008)
Robin Campbell - born , Birmingham - lead guitar, vocals
Earl Falconer - born , Birmingham - bass guitar, vocals
Norman Hassan (Arabic: ?) - born , Birmingham - percussion, trombone, vocals
Brian Travers - born , Birmingham - saxophone, Lyricon, wind synth
Mickey Virtue - born Michael Virtue, , Birmingham - keyboards (left 2008)
Astro - born Terence Wilson, , Birmingham - toasting vocals, percussion, trumpet

In 2008 Ali Campbell left the band, followed shortly thereafter by Mickey Virtue. Two new members joined the group:


Duncan Campbell - vocals
Tony Mullings - keyboards

Guest members include(d):


Patrick Tenyue (trumpet) (1983???94)
Henry Tenyue (trombone) (1983???94)
Martin Meredith (saxophone) (1997??? )
Laurence Parry (trumpet, flugelhorn, trombone) (1995??? )
Maxi Priest - vocals (2008- )

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Original Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ub40