Renato Russo, born Renato Manfredini Jr., (, 1960 - , 1996) was the formal founder and leader of the Brazilian rock band, Legi?o Urbana.
Renato Manfredini Jr. was born in Rio de Janeiro. His father was an executive at Banco do Brasil, and they moved to Forest Hills, Queens,New York in 1967, when Renato's father was assigned a job position in the city. Later, they returned to Rio de Janeiro before finally, in 1973, settling in Bras?lia.
At the age of 15, Renato acquired epiphysiolysis, a disease that paralyzed his legs for two years. Renato had to have a platinum implant, which earned him the nickname "Six Million Dollar Man". Due to this condition, Renato became an enthusiastic reader. He studied Law. He grew interested in music, particularly punk, to the point of creating an imaginary band, 42nd Street Band, where he would be a lead singer and bass guitarist. He worked as a journalist and an English teacher for a brief period before becoming a full-time musician and composer. He chose the stage name Renato Russo in honour of French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, British philosopher and mathematician Bertrand Russell and french painter Henri Rousseau.
During the years of 1978 and 1979, he was the bass player of the punk rock band Aborto El?trico (Electric Abortion). Although the band did not last too long, Renato Russo wrote many songs during this period, that would later become hits of Capital Inicial (founded by the other members of the Aborto El?trico) and Legi?o Urbana (founded by Renato Russo).
In 1982, he, along with Marcelo Bonf?, Dado Villa-Lobos and Renato Rocha, formed Legi?o Urbana (idealized some time before by Renato Russo). With Legi?o Urbana and Dois, they became widely famous in Brazil, with protest songs at first, and songs about love, spiritualism, family and sex afterwards.
He worked in two solo albums, with English and Italian songs, in the 1990s.
He died in , 1996 from an AIDS related illness. After his death, the remaining members of Legi?o Urbana decided to dismantle the band. His body was cremated and his ashes were spread over the garden of Roberto Burle Marx.
Russo, who was bisexual, is survived by son Giuliano Manfredini.